Dermatofitoses: agentes etiológicos, formas clínicas, terapêutica e novas perspectivas de tratamento

Autores

  • Daiane Flores Dalla Lana Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas (PPGCF/UFRGS)
  • Bruna Gerardon Batista Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas (PPGCF/UFRGS)
  • Sydney Hartz Alves Professor Titular da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
  • Alexandre Meneghello Fuentefria Professor Adjunto da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)

Palavras-chave:

Dermatofitoses, dermatófitos, epidemiologia, tratamento

Resumo

As dermatofitoses têm ocorrência mundial, sendo mais prevalentes em países de clima tropical e subtropical. Dados epidemiológicos indicam que essas micoses estão entre as infecções fúngicas de maior ocorrência. O quadro clínico mais comum de dermatofitose inclui despigmentação, placas anulares, prurido e perda de cabelo, com lesões tipicamente conhecidas como tineas, ocasionadas por fungos filamentosos dermatofíticos de três gêneros anamórficos: Microsporum, Trichophyton e Epidermophyton. O tratamento das dermatofitoses, em geral, está relacionado ao uso de antifúngicos tópicos e/ou sistêmicos, apresentando como problemática o surgimento de espécies multirresistentes. Esta revisão aborda as dermatofitoses e seus agentes etiológicos de forma aprofundada em aspectos epidemiológicos, apresentando a importância clínica do tema, com ênfase na causa, prevenção, tratamento e prognóstico dessa micose cutânea.

Palavras-chave: Dermatofitoses; dermatófitos; epidemiologia; tratamento

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2017-01-17

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Dalla Lana DF, Batista BG, Alves SH, Fuentefria AM. Dermatofitoses: agentes etiológicos, formas clínicas, terapêutica e novas perspectivas de tratamento. Clin Biomed Res [Internet]. 17º de janeiro de 2017 [citado 29º de novembro de 2022];36(4). Disponível em: https://seer.ufrgs.br/index.php/hcpa/article/view/68880

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