Comparison of mathematical methods and measurements of traffic noise indices in pedestrian routes
Palavras-chave:road traffic, noise map, prediction model, acoustic comfort, CRTN, NMPB
In this study, we propose an analysis of the vehicular traffic noise indices and comparison between field measurements and prediction data obtained from mathematical models. The study area consists of two pedestrians routes of a medium-sized South American city. University students use these routes in displacements between their universities and residences. We monitored twenty-eight points along the two routes, performing three daytime measurements for each point. The calculated values were obtained from two mathematical predicted models: the English model CRTN (Calculation of Road Traffic Noise) and the French model NMPB-Routes (Nouvelle Methode de Prevision de Bruit). The measurements considered two noise descriptors: the A-weighted equivalent sound level (LAeq) and the noise pollution index (Lnp). The results show that the pedestrians are exposed to excessive levels of vehicle traffic noise along these routes. However, the analysis showed that the two mathematical models achieved good similarity and high performance in the prediction potential. The CRTN model has a better performance than NMPB, proving to be useful as an auxiliary tool in the monitoring of vehicle traffic noise. Finally, we used the CRTN (LAeq) predictions to generate the map of noise pollution indices.
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