Effect of depressive symptoms and HIV exposure on the quality of life of HIV-seropositive and seronegative pregnant women

Autores

  • Ester Zoche Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8674-8754
  • Vera Lucia Bosa
  • Eunice Beatriz Martin Chaves
  • Edson Capp
  • Helena von Eye Corleta

Palavras-chave:

Pregnancy, quality of life, depression and HIV

Resumo

Introduction: Depression among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive individuals has been associated with reduced quality of life. Objective: To evaluate the effect of depressive symptoms and HIV exposure on mean quality of life scores in HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative postpartum women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with two groups: 80 HIV-seropositive and 80 HIV-seronegative postpartum women. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life short-version scale were used to assess presence of depressive symptoms and quality of life scores. Two-way analysis of variance was used to compare the effects of depressive symptoms, HIV exposure and interaction between depressive symptoms and HIV exposure on mean quality of life scores, with p < 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: Depressive symptoms were present in 35% (28) of HIV-seropositive and 17.5% (14) of HIV-seronegative participants (p = 0.02). The interaction between depressive symptoms and HIV exposure was not significant for any quality of life domain. The main effect of HIV exposure was also not significant. Depressive symptoms had a negative influence on quality of life scores in all domains (physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environment) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The quality of life of pregnant women is negatively influenced by the presence of depressive symptoms. 

Keywords: Pregnancy; quality of life; depression and HIV

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Publicado

2019-08-20

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1.
Zoche E, Bosa VL, Chaves EBM, Capp E, Corleta H von E. Effect of depressive symptoms and HIV exposure on the quality of life of HIV-seropositive and seronegative pregnant women. Clin Biomed Res [Internet]. 20º de agosto de 2019 [citado 2º de dezembro de 2022];39(2). Disponível em: https://seer.ufrgs.br/index.php/hcpa/article/view/90310

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