Desconfiança no Heartland: explicando o "Vazio Organizacional" eurasiático por meio das relações Russo-Chinesas

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22456/2178-8839.113353

Palavras-chave:

Institucionalismo Histórico, Política Externa Russa, Política Externa Chinesa, Eurásia, Instituições Internacionais,

Resumo

O conceito de Eurásia é um dos elementos mais importantes da geopolítica, o qual remonta ao início do século passado, e cujo desenvolvimento deve muito às obras de geógrafos e de pensadores políticos. No entanto, embora englobe uma grande parte do espaço político do planeta, esta região sofre de uma relativa ‘lacuna organizacional’, especialmente se comparada com regiões vizinhas, como a Europa Ocidental e o Sudeste Asiático, por exemplo. Este artigo propõe que a falta de um arranjo político abrangente na Eurásia se deve muito a aspectos particulares da relação Rússia-China, que engloba aspirações por parte de duas Grandes Potências e esquemas organizacionais concorrentes na região. Diferentes visões sobre a própria Eurásia, associadas à busca pela liderança na construção de instituições regionais, colocaram a Rússia e a China em caminhos competitivos, essencialmente obstruindo a formação de um amplo desenho político no continente. Para substanciar nosso argumento, o presente trabalho aplica certos conceitos do institucionalismo histórico, cujos mecanismos permitiram-nos uma avaliação mais ampla dos padrões de surgimento, continuação e mudança das instituições políticas, alianças e princípios que afetaram a relação sino-russa ao longo do tempo, bem como sua efeitos na 'lacuna organizacional' da Eurásia em si.

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Biografia do Autor

Valdir da Silva Bezerra, Universidade de São Paulo

Mestre em Relações Internacionais pela Universidade Estatal de São Petersburgo (Rússia). Membro do Núcleo de Pesquisas em Relações Internacionais da USP em assuntos sobre Ásia (NUPRI-GEASIA). Membro do Grupo de Estudos sobre os BRICS da USP (GEBRICS)

Henoch Gabriel Mandelbaum, Universidade de São Paulo

Mestrando do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Política da Universidade de São Paulo (USP) e Bacharel em Relações Internacionais pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC-SP).  MEMBRO DO NÚCLEO DE PESQUISAS EM RELAÇÕES INTERNACIONAIS  SOBRE ÁSIA (NUPRI-GEASIA). Currículo Lattes: http://lattes.cnpq.br/5530298390803108

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2022-02-24

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Bezerra, V. da S., & Mandelbaum, H. G. (2022). Desconfiança no Heartland: explicando o "Vazio Organizacional" eurasiático por meio das relações Russo-Chinesas. Conjuntura Austral, 13(61), 16–32. https://doi.org/10.22456/2178-8839.113353

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