A3 receptor agonist modulates IL-1β hippocampus levels in a rat model of neuropathic pain


  • Stefania Giotti Cioato UFRGS
  • Liciane Fernandes Medeiros Unilasalle
  • Bettega Costa Lopes UFRGS
  • Helouise Richardt Medeiros UFRGS
  • Wolnei Caumo UFRGS
  • Rafael Roesler UFRGS
  • Iraci LS Torres UFRGS


adenosine A3 receptor, cytokine, DMSO, IB-MECA, neuropathic pain, neurotrophin, rats.


Introduction: Considering the lack of specific treatments to neuropathic pain, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of a single dose adenosine A3 receptor IB-MECA in the inflammatory and neurotrophic parameters of rats submitted to a neuropathic pain model. Methods: 64 adults male Wistar rats were used.  Neuropathic pain was induced by the chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve and the treatment consisted in one dose of 0.5 μmol/kg of a selective agonist of adenosine A3 receptor IB-MECA dissolved in 3% DMSO; vehicle groups received DMSO 3% in saline; morphine groups received 5mg/kg Cerebral cortex and hippocampus IL-1β, BDNF and NGF levels were determined by ELISA assay. Results: The key finding was that a single dose of IB-MECA was able to modulate the IL-1β hippocampus levels CCI and the DMSO increased IL-1β and NGF hippocampus levels in sham animals; however, when the DMSO as an IB-MECA vehicle, this effect was not observed, indicating that IB-MECA was able to prevent the effect of DMSO. Conclusions: Considering that the IL-1β role in neuropathic pain is quite explored, as well as the hippocampus contributions, our result corroborates the relationship of A3 receptor and the chronic pain maintenance process.


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Cioato SG, Medeiros LF, Lopes BC, Medeiros HR, Caumo W, Roesler R, Torres IL. A3 receptor agonist modulates IL-1β hippocampus levels in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Clin Biomed Res [Internet]. 29º de julho de 2022 [citado 27º de maio de 2023];42(2). Disponível em: https://seer.ufrgs.br/index.php/hcpa/article/view/116706



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