COVID-19 Detection Using Forced Cough Sounds and Medical Information
Keywords:COVID-19 detection, Cough sounds, Deep Neural Networks
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic in March 2020. Through a lot of cooperation and the effort of scientists, several vaccines have been created. However, there is no guarantee that the virus will shortly disappear, even if a large part of the population is vaccinated. Therefore, non-invasive methods, with low cost and real-time results, are important to detect infected individuals and enable earlier adequate treatment, in addition to preventing the spread of the virus. An alternative is using forced cough sounds and medical information to distinguish a healthy person from those infected with COVID-19 via artificial intelligence. An additional challenge is the unbalancing of these data, as there are more samples of healthy individuals than contaminated ones. We propose here a Deep Neural Network model to classify people as healthy or sick concerning COVID-19. We used here a model composed by an Convolutional Neural Network and two other Neural Networks with two full-connected layers, each one trained with different data from the same individual. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, we combined two datasets from the literature: COUGHVID and Coswara. That dataset contains clinical information regarding previous respiratory conditions, symptoms (fever or muscle pain), and a cough record. The results show that our model is simpler (with fewer parameters) than those from the literature and generalizes better the prediction of infected individuals. The proposal presents an average Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) equal to 0.885 with a confidence interval (0.881 - 0.888), while the literature reports 0.771 with (0.752 - 0.783).
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Copyright (c) 2023 Lucas A.M. de Souza, Heder S. Bernardino, Jairo F. de Souza, Alex B. Vieira
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