Soroprevalência de doenças infecciosas em doadores de sangue do hemocentro regional de Cruz Alta-Rio Grande do Sul

Ana Paula Becker Martins, Brenda da Silva, Diovana Brondani Dal Molin, Graziella Alebrant Mendes

Abstract


Introduction: Clinical and serological screening of blood donors is an essential strategy to prevent transmission of infectious agents during blood transfusion.

Objective: To determine the seroprevalence of infectious diseases in blood donors at the Blood Center of Cruz Alta. Method: Prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the Blood Center of Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul, from January 2013 to June 2014. Results: 6139 donations were made during the study period, 280 (4,56%) of which were considered unfit for presenting some positive serological marker. The average age of unfit donors was 38 years, and 171 (61.1%) donors were male. Regarding the serological markers, 151 (46.1%) donors were positive for anti-HBc, 15 (5.4%) for HBsAg, 21 (7.5%) for anti-HCV, 15 (5.4%) for HIV, 19 (6.8%) for HIV-Ag AC, 6 (2.1%) for HTLV-I /II, 64 (22.9%) for Chagas disease, and 37 (13.2%) for syphilis (VDRL).

Conclusion: The results show the importance of serological screening in order to ensure transfusion safety and prevent infection of individuals who need blood transfusions.


Keywords


Doadores de sangue. Doenças Transmissíveis. Bancos de Sangue.



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