THE (RE)EMERGENCE OF THE BRICS AND THE REORGANIZATION OF POWER IN CONTEMPORARY GEOPOLITICS

Authors

  • Charles Pennaforte Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPEL)
  • Ricardo Luigi Ricardo Luigi é professor adjunto do curso de Geografia da Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia (UFOB).

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22456/2238-6912.94712

Keywords:

BRICS, Geopolitics, World-System Analysis.

Abstract

The two first decades of the 21 st Century were marked by the recrudescence of two powerhouses, Russia and China. Given their important role on global geopolitics, these two countries took advantage of the gaps resulted from yet another crisis on the structure of global capitalism, which influenced the relative decline of the United States capacity to impose its will on the international system as they had been able to do so since the end of World War II. This article’s objective is to analyze the global geopolitical rearrangement due to a weakened United States which opened the possibility for the BRICS nations to emerge as possible sources of power. To reinforce this analysis, the world-systems perspective, (here on referred to as WSP) elaborated mainly by Immanuel Wallerstein and Giovanni Arrighi is used, as well as a geopolitical approach to provide a link to international relations theories. Therefore, this paper is divided on to four sections. The first one interrelates the geopolitical theories and those of the WSP. The second section is guided towards understanding the origins and fundamentals of the WSP. On the third section, an approach is made towards the motivations and the effects of the rearrangement of power on the world’s geopolitics. Finally, on the last section, the roles and opportunities that have arisen from the emergence of the BRICS nations on the international system are presented.

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Author Biography

Charles Pennaforte, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPEL)

Coordenador do Grupo de Pesquisa CNPq Geopolítica e Mercosul (GeoMercosul) e do Laboratório de Geopolítica, Relações Internacionais e Movimentos Antissitêmicos (LabGRIMA) da UFPEL.

Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

Pennaforte, C., & Luigi, R. (2022). THE (RE)EMERGENCE OF THE BRICS AND THE REORGANIZATION OF POWER IN CONTEMPORARY GEOPOLITICS. AUSTRAL: Brazilian Journal of Strategy &Amp; International Relations, 9(18). https://doi.org/10.22456/2238-6912.94712

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Section

Articles