COMPARATIVE NUCLEAR POLICY: A CASE STUDY OF U.S. IMPACT ON INDIA AND BRAZIL PROGRAMS (1946-2018)

Authors

  • Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo Federal University of São Paulo http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1617-186X
  • Artur Cruz Bertolucci Mestrando em Relações Internacionais pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP e Bolsista de Mestrado CNPq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22456/2238-6912.91237

Keywords:

Nuclear Policy, International Security, Brazilian Foreign Policy, Indian Foreign Policy, Brazil-India Relations

Abstract

The knowledge regarding nuclear technology represented a new reality for the generation of energy and international security. The nuclear attacks of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 represented the beginning of the so-called nuclear era and of the “balance of terror” as presented by many analysts such as Raymond Aron, deepened by the arms race in the US-Soviet bipolarity after 1947. Besides the superpowers, different countries had begun to develop their nuclear programs. The cases of Brazil and India stand out, since they develop their research agendas n the 1950s and 1960s, in the Cold War context, as a path to enhance their autonomy and bargaining power. The spread of the nuclear knowledge represented a challenge for the superpowers, and the talks for mechanisms of nuclear proliferation control such as the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) started. This is the context in which Brazil and India develop their nuclear programs under the impact of its bilateral relations with the US. Although, these programs were convergent at first, in the search for nuclear autonomy, adjustments are going to be observed on both policies after the end of the Cold War. The article aims to understand the importance and history of Brazil and India nuclear programs and US weight on these agendas.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo, Federal University of São Paulo

Doutora em Ciência Política pela Universidade de São Paulo

Professora de Relações Internacionais UNIFESP
Professora do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP e em Economia Política Internacional da UFRJ. Pesquisadora NERINT/UFRGS e CNPq.

Artur Cruz Bertolucci, Mestrando em Relações Internacionais pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP e Bolsista de Mestrado CNPq

Bacharel em Relações Internacionais pela UFU e Mestrando em Relações Internacionais pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP e Bolsista de Mestrado CNPq

Published

2019-11-14

How to Cite

Pecequilo, C. S., & Bertolucci, A. C. (2019). COMPARATIVE NUCLEAR POLICY: A CASE STUDY OF U.S. IMPACT ON INDIA AND BRAZIL PROGRAMS (1946-2018). AUSTRAL: Brazilian Journal of Strategy &Amp; International Relations, 8(16). https://doi.org/10.22456/2238-6912.91237

Issue

Section

Articles