Oral lesions of higher clinical frequency in children – literature review

Patrícia Vida Cassi Bettega, Lorena Bortolini Navarro, Cristiane Baccin Bendo, Saul Martins Paiva, Poliana Valdelice da Cruz, Carolina Castro Martins, Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann

Abstract


Objective: The objective of this article is to present to the dental professionals, through a literature review, the main oral lesions that are part of the odontopediatric stomatology, in order to improve the knowledge and attention to the health of the pediatric patients. Methods: The searches were carried out in the following bibliographic databases: PubMed, Web of Science, LILACS and Bireme. Data synthesis: this article deals with the description of the most frequent oral lesions in Pediatric Dentistry, such as epstein’s pearls and gingival cyst of the newborn, which are the most common changes in newborns; congenital abnormalities such as ankyloglossia; lesions with fluid retention such as eruption cyst/hematoma; fungal and viral diseases such as candidosis, acute herpetic gingivostomatitis and secondary herpes simplex, respectively. There are also those related to the main infectious diseases of childhood, with clinical manifestations in the oral cavity such as measles, impetigo, varicella, mumps and hands, feet and mouth disease. Conclusion: It is very important, for General Practitioner and Pediatric Dentistry to recognize oral lesions in children, to make a correct and early diagnosis of them, in order to improve the knowledge, attention to the health and quality of life of the pediatric patients.

Keywords


Oral medicine; Pediatric dentistry; Child; Mouth abnormalities; Communicable diseases

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.90274

e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854. Indexers: descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto