Comparative study of dental pulp morphology from human teeth submitted to cutting technique or chemistry decalcification technique

Lisiane BERNARDI, Letícia Westphalen BENTO, Leticia Grando MATTUELLA, Fernando Borba de ARAUJO, Anna Christina Medeiros FOSSATI

Abstract


The rapid advances of the knowledge of repair and regeneration tissues had proved
to be an exciting time for pulp biology. However, to study the dynamic of pulp tissue,
it is necessary, initially, that the tooth be submitted to histological fixation and decalcification processing. Decalcification may affect the degree of staining and it may cause denaturation of proteins. Furthermore, it is a slow process, demanding long demineralization times for a tooth. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to compare, qualitatively, the pulp extracellular matrix and the pulp cells, submitted to different techniques: EDTA solution decalcification, Anna Morse solution decalcification and a last group which pulp was removed from tooth without decalcification. Ten premolar teeth were fixed in 10% buffered formalin for 24 hours. After this, the teeth were divided in three groups: 4 teeth underwent decalcification with Morse solution; 3, decalcification with 10% EDTA solution and; 3, were sectioned and their pulps were gently removed. Subsequently, the groups followed the routine histological technique and staining with H/E. The results demonstrated that both conservation of pulp cells and extracellular matrix were better in the group without decalcification, followed by the
Morse group and, the last, with the worst structures conservation for the EDTA group.

Keywords


Decalcification technique; Dental pulp; Histological processing; Pulp morphology



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.7501

e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854. Indexers: descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto