Analysis of the effectiveness of whitening dentifrices and their effects on the dental surface: an in vitro study

Eduardo Monteiro Toschi, Eliseu Aldrighi Münchow, Luísa Weber Mercado, Rafael Melara, Sandra Liana Henz

Abstract


Tooth whitening can be performed at the dental office, at-home or upon the use of OTC (Over-the-Counter) products. Among the latter, there are whitening toothpastes that promise to bleach and to prevent tooth staining. Objectives: (1) to investigate the bleaching and abrasive potential of different whitening dentifrices to enamel; and (2) to evaluate the effect of Oral-B 3D White Perfection® (Oral-B) toothpaste in preventing staining. Materials and Methods: Bovine enamel samples were stained and brushed for 14 days with water (negative control) or with different products: Colgate Total 12® (control), Oral-B, Sensodyne Branqueador Extra Fresh® (Sensodyne), and Colgate Luminous White Advanced® (Colgate). Oral-B was also tested before and after staining. The samples were tested by their color (spectrophotometer) and surface roughness (profilometer). Color change (ΔDE00) was calculated using the CIEDE2000 color system. The data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, SNK, and Mann-Whitney tests (ɑ=5%). Results: The negative control showed the lowest ΔE00 (p<0.05), whereas the group treated with Sensodyne resulted in the greatest color change (p<0.05). For surface roughness, there was not any significant difference among the groups. The Oral-B toothpaste showed a protective effect against staining, resulting in the lowest color change (p=0,002). Conclusion: Only Sensodyne toothpaste showed higher whitening potential than the conventional toothpaste. By using Oral-B prior staining reduced significantly the intensity of staining, although without the complete prevention of this event. Significant differences were not observed after treatment concerning roughness in comparison to the control.

Keywords


Tooth bleaching; Dental enamel; Dentifrices; Color; Tooth abrasion; Pigmentation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.108159

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e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854.

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