Comparative analysis of dental materials wear measurement with callowear tribometer – an “in vitro” study

Fabrício Mezzomo Collares, Eduardo Schwartzer, Fabrício Aulo Ogliari, Altair de Soria Pereira, Susana Maria Werner Samuel

Abstract


The aim of present study was to evaluate the wear coeficient of different dental materials submited to ballcrattering test. Different restorative materials were compared to bovine enamel. The samples were made with nylon matrix stripes and had 7mm diameter and 2mm thickness. The samples were submitted to the ballcratering test in a Calowear tribometer (CSEM Instruments Advanced Mechanical Surface Testing) and maded six measures in each sample with different revolutions of the ball: 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 revolutions. After the crattering generation the samples were avaliated to a Zeiss Axiotech Vario Microscope with SVGA Cam and all cratters photographed. After, the photos were evaluated at UTHSCSA ImageTool for Windows 3.0 and the meaning of measured radius were inserted at SigmaPlot, that gave the wear coefficients by linear regression. To bovine enamel the coefficient was 3,83 X 10-14 m²/N, to microhybrid resin was 3,6542 x 10-14 m²/N, 2,06 x 10-12 m²/N to amalgam and 2,18 x 10-12 m²/N to acrylic resin. In conclusion, bovine teeth presented higher wear resistance and lower wear coefficient than composite resin, amalgam and acrylic resin.

Keywords


Dental wear; Amalgam; Acrylic resin; Composite resins



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.10178

e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854. Indexers: descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto