“Assembled as one man”. The councils of Henry II and the political community of England

José Manuel Cerda Costabal

Resumo


O estudo das origens parlamentares da Inglaterra — e de outros reinos — tem se concentrado tradicionalmente em aspectos como a composição social das assembleias e a representação territorial. Argumentou-se que as assembleias parlamentares nasceram quando os três estamentos da sociedade medieval foram convocados para se encontrar com o rei nos conselhos feudais. Contudo, tal abordagem levou a algumas conclusões anacrônicas que negligenciaram a importância da presença da comunidade política, das communitas ou universitas regni nessas assembleias como um fenômeno chave para compreender as origens parlamentares. Tal comunidade era o corpo de nobres, reunidos como um nos conselhos, não porque representassem o reino, mas porque eram o reino.


Palavras-chave


Assembleias. Enrique II. Inglaterra medieval. Parlamento.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/1983-201X.88529

Anos 90 - Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul