A quem pertence o passado norte-americano? A controvérsia sobre os National History Standards nos Estados Unidos (1994-1996)

Arthur Lima de Avila

Resumo


O presente artigo trata da controvérsia pública sobre os National History Standards, um conjunto de propostas que visavam auxiliar na reforma do Ensino Básico nos Estados Unidos, entre 1994 e 1996. No texto, se enfatiza as respostas dos setores conservadores às diretrizes propostas, especialmente sua rejeição àquilo que consideravam um “sequestro da história” pelas hostes “multiculturais”, “politicamente corretas” e “anti-ocidentais”. Com isso, argumenta-se que tais setores buscavam a construção de um passado estável e sem conflitos justamente como contraponto a um presente que se apresentava cada vez mais instável e conflituoso, assegurando, assim, uma ideia bastante limitada sobre quem eram os personagens da história norte-americana e o que ela deveria significar.


Palavras-chave


Estados Unidos; Guerras culturais; National History Standards

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/1983-201X.51290

Anos 90 - Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul