Internacionalização da educação superior: excelência ou construção de redes ...? Do que os países BRICS precisam mais?/ Internationalization of higher education: excellence or networks building? What do BRICS countries need most?

Maxim Khomyakov, Tom Dwyer, Wivian Weller

Resumo


O artigo é dedicado à discussão sobre a cooperação internacional no contexto da educação superior nos países do BRICS. Inicia com uma análise das mudanças radicais no mundo acadêmico global, que são descritas como uma influência conjunta das tendências de massificação, globalização e internacionalização. Segundo os autores, os países do BRICS podem enfrentar esses desafios a partir de duas abordagens principais: por meio da criação de vários projetos de excelência e por meio do desenvolvimento de redes universitárias estruturadas horizontalmente, a exemplo da BRICS Network University. Os objetivos da primeira abordagem consistem na criação de universidades de elite e uma melhor integração à academia global, enquanto a segunda aborda questões mais prementes relacionadas ao desenvolvimento pelo qual as sociedades BRICS estão passando. A conclusão é que, embora os projetos de excelência ajudem a desenvolver uma educação de classe mundial, as redes conseguem responder melhor às necessidades atuais dos países do BRICS.


Palavras-chave


Educação superior, Transformação neoliberal da educação, Internacionalização da educação superior, Universidade em Rede do BRICS.

Texto completo:

XML (English) PDF PDF

Referências


ALTBACH, Philip G.; BASSETT, Roberta M. Nix the BRIC - at least for the higher education debate. Higher Education International, n. 77, p. 2-5, 2014. https://doi.org/10.6017/ihe.2014.77.5671

ALTBACH, Philip G.; REISBERG, Liz; RUMBLEY, Laura. Trends in global higher education: tracking an academic revolution. Executive summary. A report prepared for the UNESCO 2009 World Conference on Higher Education. Paris: UNESCO, 2009.

AMSLER, Sarah S.; BOLSMANN, Chris. University ranking as social exclusion. British Journal of Sociology of Education, v. 33, n. 2, p. 283-301, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2011.649835

BATISTA, Paulo N. Jr. O Brasil não cabe no quintal de ninguém: bastidores da vida de um economista brasileiro no FMI e nos BRICS e outros textos sobre nacionalismo e nosso complexo de vira-lata. São Paulo: Leya, 2019.

CARNOY, Martin et al. University expansion in a changing global economy: triumph of the BRICs? Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013.

CENTER FOR BRICS STUDIES. Win-win cooperation: new development concept for BRICS partnership. Shanghai: Fudan University, FDDI, Center for BRICS Studies, 2015.

DAVID, Solomon A.; MOTALA, Shireen. Can BRICS build ivory towers of excellence? Giving new meaning to world-class universities. Research in Comparative and International Education, v. 12, n. 4, p. 512-528, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745499917740652

DILL, David D.; SOO, Maarja. Academic quality, league tables, and public policy: a cross-national analysis of university ranking systems. Higher education, v. 49, n. 4, p. 495-533, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-004-1746-8

DWYER, Tom. Huit ans de travail sur les BRICS. Hermès, v. 79, p. 99-106, 2017.

DWYER, Tom, GORSHKOV, Mikhail K.; MODI, Ishwar; LI Chunling; MAPADIMENG, Mokong Simon. (orgs) Handbook of the Sociology of Youth in BRICS Countries. Singapore, World Scientific, 2018.

FAN, Yongming. New concept for development: the logic behind emerging economies’ cooperation. InBRICS, n. 2, p. 3-12, 2016.

HAZELKORN, Ellen. How do ranking impact on higher education? IMHE Info, p. 1-2, December, 2007.

HAZELKORN, Ellen. Rankings and the reshaping of higher education: the battle for world-class excellence. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2011.

HAZELKORN, Ellen. The effects of rankings on student choices and institutional selection. In: JONGBLOED, Ben; VOSSENSTEYN, Hans (Eds.). Access and expansion post-massification: opportunities and barriers to further growth in higher education participation. London: Routledge, 2014, p. 107-128.

KHOMYAKOV, Maxim B. Building a world-class university and the role of university ranking: a Russian case. In: DOWNING, Kevin; GANOTICE, Fraide. World university rankings and the future of higher education. Hershey: IGI Global, 2016. p. 393-419.

LI Peilin; GORSHKOV, Mikahil K.; SCALON, Celi; SHARMA, K. L. Handbook on social stratification in the BRIC countries: change and perspective. London: World Scientific, 2013.

LIU, Ye. Higher education, meritocracy and inequality in China. Berlin: Springer, 2016.

MARGINSON, Simon. University rankings, government and social order: managing the field of higher education according to the logic of the performative present-as-future. In: SIMONS, Maarten; OLSSEN, Mark; PETERS, Michael A. Re-reading education policies: a handbook studying the policy agenda of the 21st century. Rotterdam: Sense Publisher, 2007.

MEC – Ministério da Educação. Edital nº 03/2015/FNE/SASE/MEC. Contrata consultor na modalidade produto. Brasília: Ministério da Educação, 2015.

MEC/CAPES. Resultado final. Edital nº 03/2015 – BRICS. Capes, 21 mar. 2016.

PETERS, Michael A.; BESLEY, Tina. China's double first-class university strategy: 双 一流, Educational Philosophy and Theory, v. 50, n. 12, p. 1075-1079, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2018.1438822

PUSSER, Brian; MARGINSON, Simon. University rankings in critical perspective. The Journal of Higher Education, v. 84, n. 4, p. 544-568, 2013.

QINGNIAN, Xiong; DUANHONG, Zhang; HONG, Liu. Governance reform at China’s “985 Project” Universities. Chinese Education & Society, v. 44, n. 5, p. 31-40, 2011. https://doi.org/10.2753/CED1061-1932440503

RAUHVARGERS, Andrejs. Global university rankings and their impact: Report II. Brussels: European University Association, 2013.

RHOADS, Robert A.; LI, Shuai; ILANO, Lauren. The global quest to build world‐class universities: toward a social justice agenda. New Directions for Higher Education, v. 2014, n. 168, p. 27-39, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1002/he.20111

SANDEL, Michael J. What money can’t buy: the moral limits of markets. New York: Macmillan, 2012.

SCHWARTZMAN, Simon; PINHEIRO, Rômulo; PILLAY, Pundy (Eds.). Higher education in the BRICS countries: investigating the pact between higher education and society. New York: Springer, 2015.

SIDORENKO, Tatiana; GORBATOVA, Tatiana. Efficiency of Russian education through the scale of World University Rankings. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, v. 166, p. 464-467, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.555

STUENKEL, Oliver. The BRICS and the future of global order. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015.

TOMLINSON, Sally. Gifted, talented and high ability: selection for education in a one-dimensional world. Oxford Review of Education, v. 34, n. 1, p. 59-74, 2008.

YING, Cheng. A reflection on the effects of the 985 Project. Chinese Education & Society, v. 44, n. 5, p. 19-30, 2011. https://doi.org/10.2753/CED1061-1932440502

YUYUN, Li. Development of Cooperation in Higher Education in BRICS Countries. Changing Societies & Personalities. v. 2, n. 4, p. 393-405, 2018. https://doi.org/10.15826/csp.2018.2.4.053

WAGNER, Peter (Ed.). Moral mappings of South and North. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017.

WOLTON, Dominique. Avant-propos. Hermès, La Revue, v. 2017/3, n. 79, p. 9-12, 2017.

ZEMBYLAS, Michalinos; VRASIDAS, Charalambos. Globalization, information and communication technologies, and the prospect of a “global village”: promises of inclusion or electronic colonization? Journal of Curriculum Studies, v. 37, n. 1, p. 65-83, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1080/0022027032000190687




DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/15174522-99066

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.