The Internationalization of Higher Education Scrutinized:International Program and Provider Mobility / A internacionalização do ensino superior examinada: mobilidade internacional de programas e provedores

Jane Knight

Resumo


During the last two decades, there has been an exponential increase in all forms of international academic mobility – student and scholar, programs and providers, policies and regulations, and the universal exchange of knowledge, ideas, values, and culture. The diversity in the modes and forms of mobility is unprecedented. As with all new developments, there are multiple benefits, as well as potential risks, and usually some unintended consequences. These need to be carefully monitored. This article focuses on changes in internationalization and new developments such as international program and provider mobility (IPPM). There has been a steady increase in the number of international branch campuses around the world, as well as in the establishment of new independent international joint universities by partner institutions from different countries, an increasing number of joint/double degree programs, and  revolutionary developments in distance education. In view of these developments, the purpose of this article is to introduce the IPPM classification framework, which provides a new conceptual structure to analyse the meaning, trends, issues, and opportunities of IPPM activities around the world and to identify areas of further research and policy development necessary to harness the benefits of IPPM, especially in Latin America.

 

Nas últimas duas décadas, houve um aumento exponencial em todas as formas de mobilidade acadêmica internacional – estudantes e acadêmicos, programas e provedores, políticas e regulamentos, e o intercâmbio universal de conhecimentos, ideias, valores e cultura. Há uma diversidade sem precedentes de formas de mobilidade. Como ocorre com toda inovação, há vários benefícios, bem como riscos potenciais e, geralmente, algumas consequências não esperadas. Essas precisam ser cuidadosamente monitoradas. Este artigo trata das mudanças nos processos de internacionalização e suas inovações recentes, como a mobilidade internacional de programas e provedores (MIPP). O número de campi sucursais internacionais tem aumentado continuamente em todo o mundo, assim como o estabelecimento de universidades internacionais associadas independentes formadas por parceria entre universidades de distintos países, um número crescente de programas de dupla diplomação e um avanço revolucionário na educação a distância. Diante disso, o objetivo deste artigo é apresentar um marco de classificação da MIPP, que forneça uma nova matriz conceitual para analisar o significado, tendências, problemas e oportunidades das atividades de MIPP em todo o mundo e identificar novas áreas de pesquisa e desenvolvimento de políticas necessárias para aproveitar benefícios da MIPP, especialmente na América Latina.


Palavras-chave


international branch campuses, double and joint degree programs, distance education, international joint universities, policy development, international program and provider mobility, mobilidade internacional de programas e provedores

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/15174522-97865

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