Internationalization of higher education: institutions and knowledge diplomacy / Internacionalização da Educação Superior: instituições e diplomacia do conhecimento

Maria Ligia de Oliveira Barbosa, Clarissa Eckert Baeta Neves

Resumo


The public debate, policy agents and stakeholders, and academic research brought to the center of the debate the issue of internationalization of higher education. Along with questions about what (and how) should be taught, the definition and measure of teaching and learning quality, the equity and diversification on Higher Education Institutions, a discussion emerges as to the meanings of internationalization trends and models in higher education. What does internationalization mean? Are there any measures or methodological parameters to assess it? What institutional models become dominant in the internationalization processes?  Did internationalization increase the importance of science for the autonomy of academic institutions? Does knowledge diplomacy effectively contribute to institutional strengthening? Are there global and local policies and strategies for internationalization? How do they work? How do they connect to democratization of higher education? Which are the main agents in the internationalization processes: are they professors, researchers, staff, students, or other stakeholders? These questions form an entire research program. Some of them are already discussed in the dossier articles. Others are only outlined, indicating new directions for studies in this area.

 

O debate público, os agentes políticos e a pesquisa acadêmica trouxeram para o centro do debate a questão da Internacionalização do Ensino Superior. Juntamente com perguntas sobre o que (e como) deve ser ensinado, a definição e a medida da qualidade do ensino e da aprendizagem, a equidade e diversificação nas instituições de Ensino Superior, emergem a discussão sobre os significados das tendências e modelos de internacionalização no ensino superior. O que significa Internacionalização? Existem medidas ou parâmetros metodológicos para avaliá-lo? Quais modelos institucionais se tornam dominantes nos processos de internacionalização? A internacionalização aumentou a importância da ciência para a autonomia das instituições acadêmicas? A diplomacia do conhecimento contribui efetivamente para o fortalecimento institucional? Existem políticas e estratégias globais e locais para internacionalização? Como eles funcionam? Como eles se conectam à democratização do ensino superior? Quais são os principais agentes nos processos de internacionalização: professores, pesquisadores, funcionários, estudantes ou outras partes interessadas? Essas perguntas formam um programa de pesquisa inteiro. Alguns deles já são discutidos nos artigos do dossiê. Outros são apenas delineados, indicando novas direções para estudos nessa área.


Palavras-chave


internacionalização, ensino superior, modelos institucionais, estratégias

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/15174522-104425

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