Studying the Performance of Cognitive Models in Time Series Forecasting

Ademir Batista Santos Neto, Tiago Alessandro Espindola Ferreira, Maria Conceição Moraes Batista, Paulo Renato Alves Firmino


Cognitive models have been paramount for modeling phenomena for which empirical data are unavailable, scarce, or only partially relevant. These approaches are based on methods dedicated to preparing experts and then to elicit their opinions about the variables that describe the phenomena under study. In time series forecasting exercises, elicitation processes seek to obtain accurate estimates, overcoming human heuristic biases, while being less time consuming. This paper aims to compare the performance of cognitive and mathematical time series predictors, regarding accuracy. The results are based on the comparison of predictors of the cognitive and mathematical models for several time series from the M3-Competition. From the results, one can see that cognitive models are, at least, as accurate as ARIMA models predictions.


Cognitive Models, ARIMA Models, Elicitation of Knowledge, Time Series Forecasting

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