The Brics, a Post-Hegemonic Model with its Own Normativity: How to Influence Who Policies to Curb WTO Law into a Moral Capitalism

Meryl Thiel

Resumo


THE BRICS, A POST-HEGEMONIC MODEL WITH ITS OWN NORMATIVITY: HOW TO INFLUENCE WHO POLICIES TO CURB WTO LAW INTO A MORAL CAPITALISM*

 

 

OS BRICS, UM MODELO POST-HEGEMONICO COM A SUA PROPRIA NORMATIVIDADE: ANALISE DO USO DAS NORMAS DA OMS PARA INFLUENCIAR O DIREITO DA OMC PARA A CRIAÇÃO DUM CAPITALISMO MORAL

 

 

Meryl Thiel**

 

 

RESUMO: A política jurídica do BRICS apresenta-se como um modelo paradigmático, que mostra como as teorias de Krasner e Keohane se complementam, graças ao uso direcionado do direito internacional. Este artigo pretende demonstrar que os BRICS - na definição de uma política jurídica inovadora e independente - influenciam os processos normativos, e argumenta que os BRICS são uma construção pós-hegemônica, com normatividade própria, destinada a combater a hipocrisia organizada de nosso sistema internacional. Tendo em vista a questão de como o BRICS participa da moralização do capitalismo, considerei a hipótese de uma hegemonia dos BRICS, no sentido de que as formas de cooperação promovidas pelo grupo são inovadoras e não correspondem a nenhum conceito atualmente em vigor.

 

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Normatividade. OMC. OMS. BRICS. Counter Multilateralism.

 

ABSTRACT: The traditional foci of international law are no longer the only ones that can claim hegemonic practices. Currently, the BRICS legal policy presents itself as a paradigmatic model, which shows how Krasner's and Keohane's theories complement one another, thanks to their targeted use of international law. This paper aims to demonstrate that the BRICS — in defining an innovative and independent legal policy — influence normativity processes, and argues that the BRICS are a post-hegemonic construction, with their own normativity, intended to fight against the organized hypocrisy of our international system. In view of the question of how the BRICS participates in the moralization of capitalism, I have considered the hypothesis of a BRICS hegemony, in the sense that the forms of cooperation promoted by the group are innovative, and are not corresponding to any concept currently in force.

 

KEYWORDS: Normativity. WTO. WHO. BRICS. Counter Multilateralism.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction: the urge necessity to reconsider hegemony. 1. The implementation of fuzzy law: construction of a pre-normativity by the BRICS engagement. 1.A. The BRICS structuring action by articulating the promotion of national funding, R&D and claiming intellectual property rights at an international level. 1.B. BRICS action by transgression through the creation of a global legal entity. 2 The optimization of soft law: poièsis of normativity by the BRICS action. 2.A. The hard law ≡ soft power combination: the BRICS action concerning the law, a simple implementation of conventional dispositions through the Surveillance Centre. 2.B. The soft power ≡ soft law progression: orienting the WTO judicial policy by using the WHO sectorial policy in a BRICS fashion. Conclusion: To Make Capitalism Moral: The ongoing action of the BRICS: an Hegemon Operationis. References.


* This article had been written thanks to the CAPES Fellowship Post-doctoral Program in the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and finalized after the Symposium in International Economy organized by the World Trade Organization Chair Santiago Chile, Chile.  

** PhD International Law, Nice, France. Post-doc in the World Organization Chair Santiago Chile, Chile, and in the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Currently Associate Researcher in Sciences Po Aix en Provance, France. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2317-8558.90125

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