Networking Issues for 3D Medical Collaborative Virtual Environments: Design and Applications
Keywords:virtual reality, collaborative environments, medical training, networked simulation, performance
Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs) are Virtual Reality (VR) systems and can simulate medical procedures such as surgeries performed by a group of remote users which can interact with one another through the simulation in real-time, with the aid of a network such as the Internet.
Therefore, it is important to note that research on CVE-specific networking issues allows us to better understand the requirements for real-time applications. This paper discloses design and implementation issues of a peer-to-peer multicast architecture on the collaborative module of theCyberMed VR framework, aiming at providing better network scalability, as well as it shows as results, some developed applications as validation. Finally, we compared the performance of the newly implemented peer-to-peer multicast architecture with the peer-to-peer unicast previously existent with simulated models designed with OPNET Network Modeler and R statistical software. As result of our experiments, the null hypothesis was rejected (p = 2.2e-16, level of significance = 5%) confirming what we expected about the behavior of CyberMed’s multicast protocol.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors maintain the author's rights, under de Brazilian legal system, and retain copyright of the work. Authors license the work under a Creative Commons Attribution License. The authors grant the SBC Journal on Interactive Systems the right of its long term archiving and publication under this same licence, without restrictions of time and media, as well to make the required transformations to maintain the work archivable, accessible and of open access.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).