On dialogic speech: Convergences and Divergences between Jakubinskij, Bakhtin and Voloshinov
This article aims to discuss Lev Jakubinsky’s ideas presented in his 1923 essay On Dialogic Speech (Brazilian translation 2015), and its convergences and divergences with the thought of Bakhtin and Voloshinov. Studies on dialogue do not come from a unique theoretical source, but they appear connected to questions of linguistic and cultural practices in Russia (ROMASHKO, 2000: 84). An important part of this research was dedicated to dialectology, that is, to the dialectic speech, conceived then as dialogic speech. However, according to Voloshinov (1992: 147), in 1929 there was only one study devoted to the dialogue in Russian linguistics, the essay On Dialogic Speech. Some researchers on Jakubinsky contend that this essay was a reference to Voloshinov and Bakhtin, or that it was the direct inspiration source to the former and, through it, to Bakhtinian theory. The investigation of linguistic ideas at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century allows us to conclude that Voloshinov and Bakhtin adopted themes, problems and notions from the burgeoning philosophy and social sciences, nevertheless transforming what was given into something new.