Epidemiological profile of viral hepatitis in Rio Grande do Sul and its Health Macro-Regions

Victor Antonio Kuiava, Ana Thereza Perin, Daniel Navarini, Lisia Hoppe

Abstract


Introduction:  Viral hepatitis comprises a group of viruses characterized by high global prevalence and hepatic tropism. Its epidemiology is extremely variable throughout the world, and South  America is an endemic place. A better understanding of the regional reality is fundamental for proposing new public health measures.

 

Methods: We conducted an aggregate temporal study of the Viral Hepatitis Database of the Ministry of Health of the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), with an epidemiological profile of the reactive results of HBsAg  and  Anti-HCV  tests,  together  with  data on mortality  from  acute  Hepatitis B and chronic viral hepatitis from the respective Health Macro-Regions from 2007 to 2015.

 

Results: The incidence of new cases of hepatitis B in RS during the analyzed period was 11 (95% CI,  9.7-12.1)  cases  per  100,000 inhabitants.  Meanwhile, the  Northern  region  of  the  state,  represented  by the municipality of Passo Fundo, had 32.7 (95% CI, 28.3-37) and 22.8 (95% CI, 19.5-26) new cases of hepatitis B per 100,000 inhabitants for men and women, respectively. The incidence of new cases of hepatitis C in the State of Rio Grande do Sul was 29.2 (95% CI, 24.5-34.9 in 100,000 inhabitants).

Conclusion: Viral hepatitis remains an important pathology in the context of Rio Grande do Sul and its Macro-Regions.

Keywords: Hepatitis; epidemiology; mortality


Keywords


Hepatitis; epidemiology; mortality

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ISSN: 2357-9730 

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The Clinical & Biomedical Research is licenced under Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.