Objeto étnico de pesquisa na comunidade para fomentar a aprendizagem interétnica

Ryan Shin

Resumo


Neste artigo, descrevo um projeto de educação sobre diversidade e justiça social, no qual meus alunos estagiários conduzem uma pesquisa de objetos étnicos em Tucson, Arizona. As referências conceituais utilizadas para envolver os alunos na pesquisa de objetos incluem três aportes teóricos inter-relacionados: a zona de contato (PRATT, 1991), objetos sociais (ENGESTRÖM, 2005), e estética relacional (BOURRIAUD, 2002). Através deste projeto, os estudantes se envolveram em diálogos e interações na comunidade com indivíduos e grupos de pessoas de diferentes origens étnicas e culturais, o que os ajudou a sair de suas próprias zonas de conforto. Os objetivos educacionais deste projeto incluem: superar a ansiedade social interétnica, desfazer equívocos e estereótipos, proporcionar a aprendizagem autorreflexiva e desenvolver empatia.


Palavras-chave


Pesquisa de objetos. Objetos sociais. Estética relacional. Empatia. Aprendizagem autorreflexiva.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


APPIAH, A. K. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a world of strangers. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2006.

BAKARI, B. Preservice teachers' attitudes toward teaching African American students: Contemporary research. Urban Education, v. 38, p. 640-654, 2003.

BANKS, A. J. Teaching strategies for ethnic studies. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2009.

BESWICK, R. Racism in America's schools. (ERIC Digest n. 49). Eugene, OR: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED320196), 1990.

BOLIN, P.; BLANDY, D. Beyond visual culture: Seven statements of support for material culture studies in art education. Studies in Art Education, v. 44, n.3, p. 246-263, 2003.

BOURRIAUD, N. Relational aesthetics (trans. Simon Pleasance and Fronza Woods). Paris: Les Presses du Reel, 2002.

CHALMERS, F. G. Celebrating pluralism: Art, education and cultural diversity. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust Publications, 1996.

DESAI, D. Reflections on social justice art teacher education. In: ANDERSON, T.; D. GUSSAK, D.; HALLMARK, K. & PAUL, A. (Eds.), Art Education for Social Justice. Reston, VA: National Art Education Association, 2010. p. 172-178.

GURIN, P.; DEY, E. L.; HURTADO, S.; GURIN, G. Diversity and higher education: Theory and impact on educational outcomes. Harvard Educational Review, v. 72, n. 3, p. 330-366, 2002.

HARRIS, M. History and significance of the emic/etic distinction. Annual Review of Anthropology, v. 5, p. 329-350,1976.

MCALLISTER, G.; IRVINE, J. J. Cross-cultural competency and multicultural teacher education. Review of Educational Research, v.70, n.1, p. 3-24, 2000.

PANG, V.; SABLAN, V. Teacher efficacy: How do teachers feel about their abilities to teach African American students? In M. Dilworth (Ed.), Being responsive to cultural differences: How teachers learn Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 1998. p. 39-60.

PHILLIPS, L. C. Nurturing empathy. Art Education, v.56, n.4, p. 45-50, 2003.

PIKE, K. L. Language in relation to a unified theory of the structure of human behavior. The Hague: Mouton, 1967.

PRATT, M. L. Arts of the contact zone. Profession, v.91, p. 33–40, 1991.

RODENBORG, N.; HUYNH, N. On overcoming segregation: Social work and intergroup dialogue. Social Work with Groups, v.29, n.1, p. 27-44, 2006.

STOUT, C. J. The art of empathy: Teaching students to care. Art Education, v.52, n.2, p. 21-24, 33-34, 1999.

TATUM, B. D. Defining racism: ‘Can we talk?’ In: M. Adams, W. J. Blumenfeld, C. Castañeda, H. W. Hackman, M. L. Peters, & X. Zúñiga (Eds.), Readings for diversity and social justice: An anthology on racism, antisemitism, sexism, heterosexism, ableism, and classism. New York: Routledge, 2000. p. 79-82.

THOMPSON, L. Teaching about ethnic minority families using a pedagogy of care. Family Relations, v. 44, n. 2, p. 129-135, 1995.

VAN AUSDALE, D.; FEAGIN, J. The first R: How children learn race and racism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

WEJSA S. & LESSER, J. Migration in Brazil: The Making of a Multicultural Society. Migration Policy Institute, 2018. Retrieved from https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/migration-brazil-making-multicultural-society. Access: 29 March 2018.

WITCOMB, A. Using souvenirs to rethink how we tell histories of migration: some thoughts. In S. H. Dudley, A. J. Barnes, J. Binnie, J. Petrov, and J. Walklate (Eds.), Narrating objects, collecting stories. Abingdon, England: Routledge, 2012. p. 36-50.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2357-9854.88111

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


       

 

Licença Creative Commons
Este trabalho está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons - Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.