A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF GLOBALIZATION ON IRAN'S SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN TWO KHATAMI’S AND AHMADINEJAD’S ADMINISTRATIONS

Farzaneh Sayfouri, Seyyed Amir Masoud Shahram Nia, Abbas Hatami, Seyyed Javad Emamjomeh Zadeh

Abstract


Globalization and social development, as two independent and interactional discourses in this paper, have been investigated using the globalization indicators in two Khatami’s and Ahmadinejad’s administrations. Thus, the independent variable of globalization, and the dependent variable of the state of social development of Iran are compared in the two periods of 1997-2005 and 2005-2013 with the different approaches adopted in the two administrations. The research method is comparative. The research hypothesis is that based on valid statistics, both administrations have been on the path to social development, but Khatami's approach was based on global reformism, and Ahmadinejad's approach was based on indigenous and local thoughts. In terms of theoretical foundations, we have used the generalization model of political-social development. According to this model, development priorities are different in countries with different political and social contexts. Social globalization grew as much as 8.86 in the Khatami’s administration, and up to 4.89 in Ahmadinejad's administration. Therefore, the administration type is related to the extent of globalization, and globalization has contributed to the growth and development of social development. It also has provided a platform for the continuation of studies of this trend in a different way, with regard to the states and the internal environment of the countries.


Keywords


Globalization, Social Development, Global Reforms and Indigenous Thought, Khatami's Government, Ahmadinejad's Government



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2238-6912.86630

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AUSTRAL: Brazilian Journal of Strategy & International Relations  e-ISSN 2238-6912; ISSN 2238-6262  Published by the Brazilian Center for Strategy & International Relations.
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