Comparison of machine learning techniques for predicting energy loads in buildings

Grasiele Regina Duarte, Leonardo Goliatt da Fonseca, Priscila Vanessa Zabala Capriles Goliatt, Afonso Celso de Castro Lemonge


Machine learning methods can be used to help design energy-efficient buildings reducing energy loads while maintaining the desired internal temperature. They work by estimating a response from a set of inputs such as building geometry, material properties, project costs, local weather conditions, as well as environmental impacts. These methods require a training phase which considers a dataset drawn from selected variables in the problem domain. This paper evaluates the performance of four machine learning methods to predict cooling and heating loads of residential buildings. The dataset consists of 768 samples with eight input variables and two output variables derived from building designs. The methods were selected based on exhaustive research with cross validation. Four statistical measures and one synthesis index were used for the performance assessment and comparison. The proposed framework resulted in accurate prediction models with optimized parameters that can potentially avoid modeling and testing various designs, helping to economize in the initial phase of the project.


Energy Efficiency; Heating and Cooling Loads; Machine Learning

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Direitos autorais 2017 Ambiente Construído

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

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