Association between socio-demographic and oral factors with psychological wellness in school teenagers

Melaine Czerminski Larré, Vanessa Souza Gigoski de Miranda, Rafaela Soares Rech, Helenita Correa Ely, Claides Abegg

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and the performance of activities related to oral function, with psychological well-being in school adolescents. Materials and Methods: School-based, cross-sectional study, conducted in 36 municipalities up to 50 thousand inhabitants from Southern Brazil. The sample was composed of 1,760 scholars, selected thorough systematic sampling. Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire, containing information on socioeconomic status, oral impact on daily activities (OIDP) and Well-Being (Andrews Scale). Poisson Regression was used to conduct the data analyses. Results: Difficulty to smile was almost twice as high for students who did not present well-being, PR = 1.9 (95%CI = 1.30-2.80). In addition, difficulty to speak, PR = 1,57 (95%CI CI = 1,02-2,40), and disconfort to brush the teeth, PR = 1,93 (CI= 1,29-2,91), were also associated to well-being. Difficulty to eat PR = 1,1 (95% CI= 0,75-1,65), was not associated to it. The family average income was the only sociodemographic variable associated to adolescents well-being, PR = 0,65 (95% CI = 0,45-0,96). Conclusion: The results of this study showed the influence of oral health related activities, smile, speak and teeth brush on the well-being of school adolescentes in Rio Grande do Sul state. In addition, they pointed out the Family average income as a protection
factor for the well-being of this population.

Keywords


Quality of life; Dentition; Oral health; Adolescent



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.94870

e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854. Indexers: descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto