Sex and age as modifying factors in supragingival biofilm removal

Raísa Maldonado Severo, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Harry Juan Rivera Oballe, Stephanie Anagnostopoulos Friedrich, Eduardo José Gaio, Juliano Cavagni, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing

Abstract


Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the biofilm removal capacity according to sex and age. Material and methods: Seventy individuals aged between 21 and 70 years were included. Modified Navy Board Index (MNBI) was performed by a calibrated examiner. Individuals brushed their teeth with a brush for a minute, and the MNBI was applied again. The volunteers were asked to use the brush for seven days, twice a day, with standardized toothpaste. On day 7, the same procedures of the first visit were made. The percentages of removal of supragingival biofilm (whole-mouth, interproximal and gingival margin line) were calculated for each of the experimental periods. Comparisons were performed between genders and age using the t-test for independent samples. The significance level adopted was 5%. Results: At baseline and after 7 days, women presented more dental plaque in whole mouth than men (p <0.05). Individuals ≤37 years old reduced more plaque in whole mouth and interdental sites than individuals with >37 years or older (p <0.05). The analysis of plaque reduction according to sex did not show any difference between groups. Conclusion: There was a greater potential for better efficacy of plaque removal in younger individuals. Gender does not affect such potential.

Keywords


Biofilms; Age factors; Sex

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.87066

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e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854.

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