Evaluation of surface treatments on the bond strength between two fiber-glass posts and a composite resin

Andreza Barbosa Santos Guimarães, Rana de Brito Granja, Emily Vivianne Freitas da Silva, Roberta Novis, Blanca Liliana Torres Léon

Abstract


Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different surface treatment methods on glass-fiber posts relative to their bond strength with the composite resin and to evaluate the types of failures that occurred. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six posts from WhitepostDC (FG group) and Exacto Conics (AG group) were used, divided into: Control FG-1 and AG-1 groups – application of silane, according to manufacturers’ specifications; FG-2 and AG-2 groups – conditioning with 10% hydrogen peroxide and silanization; FG-3 and AG-3 groups – aluminum oxide blasting for 10 seconds and silaniza-tion. The composite resin was added in 2-mm increments, each increment was photopolymerized for 40 seconds, until the entire length of the matrix was filled. Then, the assembly (fiber post and composite resin) was sectioned into three portions (cervical, middle and apical) (n = 18). Samples were submitted to the bond strength analysis by a push-out test in a Universal Testing Machine and the failure types were evaluated with a 30 × magnification with an optical micro-scope. Data were submitted to the analysis of variance, the Tukey test, and the chi-square test with a 5% significance level. Results: For AG groups, the treatment with silane (23.10 MPa) resulted in statistically greater bond strength than the treatments with peroxide (17.19 MPa) and blasting (16.28 MPa). It was found that the bond strength was statistically higher in the middle third (21.16 MPa) than in the apical third (12.55 MPa) for the peroxide treatment. The mixed-type failure had the highest prevalence (57.01%). Conclusion: Silane treatment showed statistically greater bond strength values, when the Angelus brand was tested.

Keywords


Dental pins; Composite resins; Surface properties

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.108848

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e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854.

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