Factors associated with edentulism in individuals with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis: a cross-sectional study

Natalia Mendes de Matos Cardoso, Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Lia Silva de Castilho, Maria Elisa Souza e Silva, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira

Abstract


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive condition characterized by structural or functional abnormalities of the kidney. CKD may be associated with several oral alterations, such as higher prevalence rate of dental caries, periodontal disease, xerostomia, candidiasis and burning mouth. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors associated with edentulism in adults with CKD undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 650 individuals aged 18 to 90 years undergoing hemodialysis in southeastern Brazil. Oral clinical examination and administration of a questionnaire addressing demographic characteristics and dental history were performed. The study received approval from the Human Research Ethics Committee of UFMG. Findings: A total of 183 participants were edentulous (28.2%). Individuals with less schooling (OR= 3.99; 95% CI: 2.34-6.79), those who had not been to a dentist in the previous six months (OR = 2.49; 95% CI: 1.52-4.08), those who rated their own smile as excellent or good (OR = 2.00; 95% CI: 1.35-2.97) and those with some mucosal alteration (OR= 4.17; 95% CI: 2.83-6.13) had a greater chance of belonging to the edentulous group. Discussion: The present findings can contribute to the establishment of public health policies aimed at guiding dental care programs for individuals with chronic kidney disease that take into account the specific needs of this population. Conclusion: Edentulism was associated with low schooling, a lack of dental care in the previous six months, a positive self-perception of one’s smile and alterations in the oral mucosa.

Keywords


Renal insufficiency, chronic; Jaw, edentulous; Renal dialysis

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.107322

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