SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH FUNCTIONAL FITNESS IN OLDER WOMEN FROM A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL

Gislaine Cristina Vagetti, Oldemar Mazzardo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Valdomiro de Oliveira, Antônio Carlos Gomes, Wagner de Campos

Resumo


Aim: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association of sociodemographic (skin color, socioeconomic level, educational level, occupational and marital status) and health (high blood pressure, self-reported health problems, use of medicines and health perception), with the functional fitness in older women. Methods: This cross-sectional study investigates sociodemographic and health variables assessed by questionnaires and the association with functional fitness measured with the "Senior Fitness Test". Statistical analysis used the Kruskal -Wallis test to check for differences between age groups, chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses to investigate associations between each component of functional fitness and independent variables. Results: The final sample consisted of 1,806 older women, mean age 68.93 years (SD 6.6). Sociodemographic (skin color, socioeconomic class and educational level) and health variables (High blood pressure, self-reported health problems and health perception) were associated with different components of functional fitness and the overall score of functional capacity.  Conclusion: Among all the independent variables, educational level and health perception were those most correlated to functional fitness. 

Palavras-chave


Aging; Functional Fitness, Health in the Elderly

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ABEP. Critério de Classificação Econômica Brasil. Disponível Em< Http//www Abep Org/2008:2010–3. https://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/17751174/2115296965/name/Criterio_Brasil_2008.pdf (accessed November 07, 2014).

ABREU, Mery Nataly Silva et al. Ordinal logistic regression models: application in quality of life studies Modelos de regressão logística ordinal: aplicação em estudo sobre qualidade de vida. Caderno de Saúde Pública, v. 24, p. 581–91, 2008.

ARIAS-MERINO, Elva Dolores et al. Physical function and associated factors in community-dwelling elderly people in Jalisco, Mexico. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, v. 54, p. 271–8, 2012.

CHOR, Dóra et al. Association of weight change with ethnicity and life course socioeconomic position among Brazilian civil servants. International Journal of Epidemiology, v. 33, p. 100–6, 2004.

EURENIUS, Eva; STENSTRÖM, Christina. Physical activity, physical fitness, and general health perception among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism, v. 53, p. 48–55, 2005.

DEL DUCA, Giovâni Firpo; SILVA, Marcelo Cozzensa da; HALLAL Pedro Curi. Incapacidade funcional para atividades básicas e instrumentais da vida diária em idosos. Revista de Saude Publica, v. 43, p. 796–805, 2009.

DORYŃSKA, Agnieczka et al. Socioeconomic circumstances, health behaviours and functional limitations in older persons in four Central and Eastern European populations. Age and Ageing, v. 41, p. 728–35, 2012.

FIEDLER, Mariarosa Mendes; PERES, Karen Glazer. Capacidade funcional e fatores associados em idosos do Sul do Brasil: um estudo de base populacional. Caderno de Saude Publica, v.24, p. 409–15, 2008.

GOUVEIA, Élvio R. et al. Functional fitness and bone mineral density in the elderly. Archives of Osteoporosis, v. 7, p. 75–85, 2012.

GOUVEIA, Élvio R. et al. Functional fitness and physical activity of Portuguese community-residing older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, v. 21, p. 1–19, 2013.

KONOPACK, James F. et al. Correlates of functional fitness in older adults. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, v. 15, p. 311–8, 2008.

LAAKSONEN, Elina et al. Associations of multiple socio-economic circumstances with physical functioning among Finnish and British employees. European Journal of Public Health, v. 19, p. 38–45, 2009.

LAAN, Wijnand et al. Factors associated with increasing functional decline in multimorbid independently living older people. Maturitas, v. 75, p. 276–81, 2013.

LACOURT, Marcelle Xavier; MARINI, Lucas Lima. Decréscimo da função muscular decorrente do envelhecimento e a influencia na qualidade de vida do idoso: uma revisão de literatura. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Envelhecimento Humano, v. 3, p. 114–21, 2006.

LOUIE, Grant H; WARD, Michael M. Socioeconomic and ethnic differences in disease burden and disparities in physical function in older adults. American Journal of Public Health, v. 101, p. 1322–9, 2011.

MAIA RIBEIRO, Ednéa Aguiar et al. Functional, balance and health determinants of falls in a free living community Amazon riparian elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, v. 56, p. 350–7, 2013.

MONTALBÁN-QUESADA, Silvia; GARCÍA-GARCÍA, Inmaculada; MORENO-LORENZO, Carmen. Evaluación funcional en ancianos intervenidos de fractura de cadera. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, v. 46, p. 1096–101, 2012.

OLAFIRANYE, Oladipupo et al. Functional capacity is a better predictor of coronary heart disease than depression or abnormal sleep duration in Black and White Americans. Sleep Med , v.13, p. 728–31, 2012.

RIKLI, Roberta E; JONES, C. Jesse. Functional fitness normative scores for community residing older adults, ages 60-94. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, v. 7, p. 162–81, 1999a.

RIKLI, Roberta E.; JONES, C. Jesse. Development and validation of a functional fitness test for community-residing older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, v. 7, p. 129–61, 1999b.

ROSA, Tereza Etsuko da Costa et al. Fatores determinantes da capacidade funcional entre idosos. Revista Saude Publica, v. 37, p. 40–8, 2003.

SANTOS, Maria Izabel Penha de Oliveira; GRIEP, Rosane Harter. Capacidade funcional de idosos atendidos em um programa do SUS em Belém (PA). Ciencia e Saude Coletiva, v.18, p. 753–61, 2013.

SBC.Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia. VI Diretrizes Brasileiras de Hipertensão. Arquivo Brasileiro Cardiologia, v. 95, p. 1–51, 2010.

SCHNEIDER, Gudrun et al. What influences self-perception of health in the elderly? The role of objective health condition, subjective well-being and sense of coherence. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, v. 39, p. 227–37, 2004.

SULANDER, Tommi et al. Longitudinal changes in functional capacity: effects of socio-economic position among ageing adults. International Journal Equity Health, v. 11, p. 78, 2012.

SUI, Xuemei et al. Estimated functional capacity predicts mortality in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, v. 55, p. 1940–7, 2007.

VAGETTI, Gislaine Cristina et al. The prevalence and correlates of meeting the current physical activity for health guidelines in older people: A cross-sectional study in Brazilian women. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, v. 56, p. 492–500, 2013a.

VAGETTI, Gislaine Cristina et al. Condições de saúde e variáveis sociodemográficas associadas a qualidade de vida em idosas de um programa de atividade física de Curitiba, Paraná, Sul do Brasil. Caderno de Saúde Pública, v. 29, n. 5, p. 955-969, 2013b.

VIRTUOSO JÚNIOR, Jair Sindra; GUERRA, Ricardo Oliveira. Fatores associados às limitações funcionais em idosas de baixa renda. Revista Associação Medica Brasileira, v. 54, p. 1–6, 2008.

YLITALO, Kelly R. et al. Relationship of race-ethnicity, body mass index, and economic strain with longitudinal self-report of physical functioning: the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. Annals of Epidemiology, v. 23, p. 401–8, 2013.




Estudos Interdisciplinares sobre o Envelhecimento. ISSN: 1517-2473 (impresso) e 2316-2171 (eletrônico)
Qualis Capes 2016, área interdisciplinar: B2