La disputa entre China e India y la redefinición de la geopolítica asiática

Andres Ferrari Haines, Erik Herejk Ribeiro

Resumo


El enfrentamiento chino e indio en junio de 2020 a lo largo de su disputada frontera, pese ser un tema sin resolver desde hace tiempo, ha adquirido un nuevo significado en las actuales tensiones geopolíticas globales. Podría estallar en una profunda disputa que involucrará a los dos gigantes asiáticos en una confrontación mucho más amplia. Por su relevancia conjunta, el conflicto afectaría no solo a países cercanos, sino a todo el mundo, en medio de la confrontación sino-estadounidense. Este artículo analiza los diferentes aspectos que están afectando este malentendido, vinculando preocupaciones históricas con desarrollos recientes. En base al análisis geopolítico clásico del Rimland, se destacan las diversas limitaciones e impulsos que definirán el futuro de los dos países que ahora se encuentran entre las mayores economías mundiales. El análisis apunta a las ansiedades que llevaron al choque
fronterizo y a las inseguridades mutuas con respecto al comportamiento de cada uno, particularmente en sus relaciones con terceros países. Frente a esto, una solución de la disputa parece fuera de alcance, ya que se ha convertido en parte del cambio geopolítico del presente siglo, que una vez más está poniendo a Asia en el centro de la competencia mundial.


Palavras-chave


Relaciones sino-indias; geopolítica; Asia

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2178-8839.107055



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