“Stranger Things”: o futuro do regionalismo latino-americano

María Victoria Alvarez

Resumo


As tentativas latino-americanas de regionalismo têm sido perseguidas através de diferentes ondas. A última onda, o regionalismo pós-liberal ou pós-hegemônico, está desaparecendo sem sequer ter atingido o pico. Com base em contribuições da Economia Política Internacional, Estudos Europeus e Relações Internacionais, o artigo tem como objetivo responder a duas questões principais: como caracterizar os caminhos atuais da integração regional na América Latina considerando as tendências dos últimos dez anos? O que podemos esperar do regionalismo latino-americano na próxima década? Abordamos três premissas – filiação de organizações regionais, projeto institucional e o papel dos Estados Unidos – sob o grande volume de pesquisas regionalistas na América Latina. Testamo-los em relação aos últimos desenvolvimentos após o colapso do regionalismo pós-liberal. Além disso, abordando essas três premissas, tentamos fazer algumas previsões sobre possíveis cenários regionais futuros. Exploramos dois desenvolvimentos possíveis – um cenário de curto prazo e um cenário de longo prazo –, principalmente, mas não exclusivamente extraídos das três premissas estudadas no artigo. Talvez estejamos prestes a testemunhar algumas “coisas estranhas” no futuro do regionalismo latino-americano, abrindo-se para diferentes realidades, diferentes explicações e alternativas.


Palavras-chave


América latina; Regionalismo; Futuro

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2178-8839.105703



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