Popular religions and multiple modernities: a theoretical framework for a research agenda

Cristián Parker Gumucio


The new cultural and religious landscape of Latin American is increasingly plural, transforming a religious field that was some decades ago totally Catholic (Parker 2014, 2016). The classical interaction between religion and society, and between religion and politics in this continent has been replaced by new forms of religions in the public sphere. The revitalization of religions – specially in terms of pentecostals and charismatics; ethnic and indigenous religions; believers not affiliated, etc. – in public and private spaces reveals the changes that have taken place in Latin America’s cultural evolution since the nineteenth century. Eisenstadt’s theory of multiple modernizations is valid in general terms and certainly applies to the Latin American case; it reveals itself to be a powerful theoretical instrument to assess what has happened since the turn of the century (Eisenstadt 2013b). It has been verified as valid because it allows us to criticize the classical evolutionary theory of linear and Eurocentric modernization. It allows us to understand the socio-historical, ideological and institutional contexts that have given rise to different forms of modernities in which cultural and religious factor has been strongly relevant.

Palabras clave

Modernidade; Pluralidade Religiosa

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/1982-2650.69247