Survival of pathogenic intestinal Spirochetes kept in pure cultures and in pig feces at four different temperatures

David Emilio Santos Neves de Barcellos, Michelle Mathiesen, Gerald Duhamel

Abstract


Porcine colonic spirochetosis (PCS) caused by

 

Brachyspira pilosicoli has been identified as a contributing cause of diarrhea and reduced performance of growing pigs in all major swine producing countries. The current view that transmission of PCS occurs through contamination of the environment by acutely or persistently infected pigs is based on the assumption that the spirochetes remain viable in the environment. The purpose of this study was to compare the viability of Brachyspira pilosicoli kept in pure culture or mixed with feces at four different temperatures over time with that of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. The results of the present study indicated that Brachyspira pilosicoli survived significantly longer than Brachyspira hyodysenteriae in pure cultures held at 24°C and 37°C, and at all temperatures in spiked fecal materials. Pure cultures of Brachyspira pilosicoli survived at least 63 days at -70°C, seven days at 4°C, 14 to 28 days at 24°C and seven to 28 days at 37°C. There was significant differences in the survival of the 2 species of spirochetes when mixed with feces. At -70°C, Brachyspira pilosicoli and Brachyspira hyodysenteriae survived respectively an average of 21 and 3 days, and at 4°C 12,25 and 4,25 days. Viability was reduced to one to seven days at 24°C and one to three days at 37°C for Brachyspira pilosicoli and < five days at 24°C and < one day at 37°C for Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. Information on the survival of Brachyspira pilosicoli outside the pig’s body provides a basis to improve strategies for PCS control.


Keywords


Brachyspira hyodysenteriae; Brachyspira pilosicoli; Espiroquetes de cólon dos suínos; Sobrevivência



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/1679-9216.17224

Copyright (c) 2018 David Emilio Santos Neves de Barcellos, Michelle Mathiesen, Gerald Duhamel

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