Factors that contribute to a NANDA nursing diagnosis of risk for frail elderly syndrome

Maria da Graça Oliveira Crossetti, Michele Antunes, Beatriz Ferreira Waldman, Margarita Ana Rubin Unicovsky, Lucas Henrique de Rosso, Letice Dalla Lana

Resumo


Objective: Identify the risk factors that contribute to a NANDA-I nursing diagnosis of risk for frail elderly system.

Method: Cross-sectional study with 395 elderly subjects, conducted from November 2010 to January 2013, in a university hospital in South of Brazil. Sociodemographic data were collected and levels of frailty were identified according to the Edmonton Frail Scale.

Results: A total of 177 (44.81%) participants were classified as frail. There was a significant association between frailty and being female (p=0.031), nonwhite (p=0.008), having no romantic partner (p=0.014), no schooling (p=0.001), a monthly income lower than the minimum wage (p=0.034), and preexisting morbidities for respiratory diseases (p=0.003) as well as infectious and parasitic diseases (p=0.040). Diseases of the tracts genitourinary (p = 0.035), respiratory (p = 0.001) and blood (p = 0.035) were the primary reasons for hospitalization.

Conclusion: The results contribute to the development and implementation of the nursing diagnosis in the hospital setting.

Keywords: Frail elderly. Nursing diagnosis. Aged. Nursing.


Palavras-chave


Frail elderly. Nursing diagnosis. Aged. Nursing.

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ISSN 0102-6933 E-ISSN 1983-1447